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Page 12, 29th April 1854

29th April 1854
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Page 12, 29th April 1854 — IRISH TENANT LEAGUE.
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People: John M Cant, Nicholas Ennis, James Hely, Dowma, Wilson Gray, T. KENNEDY, EARL DUNRAVEN, Patrick J O'Perrall, Sadleir, Patrick Langan, OP GOD, Wee, Thomas M'Cullagh, George H. Moore, Bindon, Michael Dwyer, James Lynch, Vaughan, Hai Mites, Thomas Lynch, Patrick O'Ferrall, PAUL CULLER, Redmond, Chanel, James Sheridan, John Daly, James Dowling, Denis Foley, Lucas, Martin Murphy, Moriarty, Thomas Byrne, John Duncan, Thomas Hennessy, Wm Reany, Diner, Napoleon, Thomas O'Shee, James Youdg, Tullamore, Christian Captives, John O'Connell, Keogh, Thomas Langan, Navan Semi, Sharman Crawford, Charles McCloskey, Hardwick, Doyle, Wend, Peter Fagan, Elizabeth, G. H. MOORE, Richard Grattan, St. Peter, Morrist, Mark A Pitt, EDWARD MARKEY, Grace, Brennan, Wood, Jesus Christ, Patrick Langa, Henry, James It Loughnan

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IRISH TENANT LEAGUE.

A general meeting of Ithe Council of the Irish Tenant League was held last Tuesday at the Council Rooms, Berestord-place, to hear the report of the tenent right members as to proceedings in parliament, to take counsel with the friends of the cause throughout the country, and also to regulate the general business of the League.

Amongst those present were :—G II Moore, M P; F

Lucas, MP; C G Duffy, HP; T Kennedy, P ; Dr Gray, Rev James Lynch, P P, Killashee, county Longford ; Rev P Quaid, P P, O'Callaghan's Mills, county Clare ; Very Rev James Dowling, P P, Clonmellon; John M Cant. well, Esq ; Wilson Gray, Esq ; Rev Thomas Langan, C C, Ardcath, Garristown ; Rev Patrick O'Ferrall, CC, Navan; Rev Thomas Hennessy, P P, rauldown and Goresbridge; Rev Thomas Lynch, P P, Painstowu, Slane ; Rev John Duncan, C C, Clara, Kings County ; Wm Reany, Esq ; Richard Grattan, Esq, M D, Drummin House,, Kildare ; Martin A &Brennan, Esq ; Patrick Langan, Esq ;, Michael Dwyer, Esq ; James It Loughnan, Esq ; tiihn C Hoey, )6sq; — Cillagan Esq; James M'COnvery, Esq, Belfast ; Key Mr Murray, P, Egligh and Drumoullen; James Sheridan, Esq, Renovogue; county. Meath ; D'Arcy; —` Dowling, Esq, solicitor, Tullamore; Nicholas Ennis, Esq. Naul, Balbriggan, &c.

The chair was taken by EDWARD MARKEY, Esq. The SECRETARY (Mr. Bindon) brought before the meet

ing an important and lengthened correspondence from members of the council who were unable to attend the meeting. The pressure on our space this week obliges us to insert this correspondence somewhat abridged, but we give:the following able letter from the indefatigable Father O'Shea, of Callan, in extenso:— " Callan, April 24th, 1854.

" My dear Sir—Enclosed is a Post Office order for

Si. 5s. 6d., towards the funds of the Irish Tenant League. Of this sum five pounds have been contributed by the patriotic Clergy and people of Gowran, county Kilkenny, the remainder is from Newtown, in the parish of 'Callen, which, in addition to 51. 8s. already forwarded, makes a total of a 13s. 6d. from Callan for the current year.

" It is a subject of painful regret to me that I am pre vented, by circumstances to which I will not now more particularly allude, from attending the meeting of the council to-morrow, when I am sure matters of the gravest nature, on the right solution of which the success or defeat of our great cause depends, will come under discussion. There is a great crisis and great opportunity, and I chnfidently rely on the wisdom, sagacity, and determination of the council and its leaders to turn them to proper account. It is said that even the very moderate instalment of justice contained in the Tenants' Compensation Bill which passed the House of Commons last session has been rejected

by theeselect committee in the Lords. It is well. I am glad of it, not only because it fell short of doing any thing like justice to the plundered tenantry of Ireland, but chiefly because its rejection, which must have happened with theireconnivance, if not at their instigations removes the veil of hypocrisy in which the misnamed Liberal government of Aberdeen and their abettors have hitherto endeavoured to shroud their real sentiments on the land question. Will the parliamentary pledge-breakers now retire from all connection with a government which, far from passing a law embodying the principles of Crawford's bill, declines to press forward the limited measure that obtained their pretended sanction last session of parliament ? I am not limy that the pledge-breakers are placed in this position before the country and their constituents, as all who are uot wilfully blind will see the infamy of their connection stithOlte so styled Liberal government of Lord Aberdeen, if eft hearts are not as hollow and corrupt as theirs, to reward' them accorclingli,

ought ths cOuncil do I Vfilave no blI pro esinctIon before parliament. bitiz4beltilioion should not be all t a fall *4*arching discussion of our II cannotaselifferent in substance from the hil ephiekreceived the soleinn approbation of the country at the hustings, and the conference of '52—a deliberative assemblage that reflected the mature and well-considered opinions of all that was liberal and enlightened in the land— the bill then and there adopted was the pronouncement of the nation as the bill of rights for the necessary encouragement and protection from plunder of the industry of the kingdom.

" Upon the decision of that national conference we should continue to take our stand. With that bill I am content ; for nought less will I petition or agitate the country. The council, then, should not separate without taking measures to secure the reintroduction of their bill forthwith into parliament. When the petition is laid on the table, petitions in its favour should be poured in from every town and parish of the country to back up and support the advocacy of our friends in parliament. More we cannot do in the house, but a great deal more we may and should do in the country.

" Our only hope is the Irish parliamentary party of independent opposition. To increase and strengthen its members all efforts should be directed. Upon the munerical strength and efficiency of this party Ireland must be taught to rely against the insolence and injustice of English parties, whether rights are to he reclaimed or aggressions to be successfully resisted. It is unnecessary to attempt an enumeration of the various difficulties that oppose themselves to the increasing of this honoured band. These difficulties we cannot exaggerate—their name is legion. And what is most galling and vexatious is, they proceed from quarters often where help and encouragement might naturally be expected. It is certain, howeeer, that the appliances of the wakeful, untiring, and unscrupulous enemy with whom we contend, and who deals and trades in every species of corruption when a seat in parliament is the prize to be secured, are numerous beyond conception.

" To defeat this enemy—to surmount the daily-increasing difficulties thrown in our way—we require a greater concentration of popular power than we now possess—we require a sound, healthy, vigorous, living, public opinion, strong enough to overawe treachery and venality, and make parties having influence with constituencies afraid or ashamed to be mixed up with deeds at which truth, honour, and patriotism revolt.

"This might be effected in one way, and I know only one way by which it can be accomplished. Place at once the tribuneship of the Council of the League in the hands of your ablest and most trusted leaders. Let Lucas and Duffy, and Moore and Gray do jointly what O'Conhell and Sheil did in the days of the Catholic Association. Week after week let them harangue the people, uttering words of truth and hope, and let their speeches go upon the wings of the press into every village and hamlet in the ccunery —the Irish at home and abroad will ba ,their audience. -Let them deal boldly, vigorously, and perseveringly

• h our grievances, and a spirit shall be evoked which daall quell the demon that now riots in the alternate sale and purchase of the rights, liberties, and privileges of Irishmen. Rogues will be discountenasced, honest Men will be encouraged, the timid man will be emboldened, the desponding made hopeful, and public opinion, pure, vigorous, and enlightened, will prevent many an act of petty despotism, which now sickens and depresses in detail those who venture to raise a warning voice in favour of outraged humanity. Let this be done, and funds will be forthcoming to aid and maintain an agitation from which a proverbially shrewd people may augur /success.

" I desire these views to be laid before the council. Whether right or wrong, practicable or impracticable, taey are the result of whatever reflection I have been able to bestow on the causes and agencies which led to def-at in the series of elections, beginning with Athlone and ending with Louth, and the remedy which strikes me as necessary and adequate to the prevention in future of similar dicta

tars. I know that I counsel the placing of great additional labour on the gentlemen whom I name to guide the movement, but I remember that they are patriots—that they burn to save, to elevate, and emancipate an old, noble, long-suffering people—a people whose gratitude and generosity will one day remunerate them, because that they shall have won for them happy homes and altars free.'— I have the honour to be yours ever truly, • " THOMAS O'SHEN. " Samuel Bindon, Esq." Mr. M`Mahon, M.P., writes : " I regret extremely that I cannot attend the meeting of the League on Tuesday. I am not eurprised to hear that the select committee of the House of Lords should have thrown out the Tenants' Compensation Bill.

" In the good sense, wisdom, moderation, and justice of the Council of the League, and its friends in all parts of the country, I have such unlimited confidence that; I entertain no doubt but that I shall heartily concur in any course which they, on consideration, may adopt.

" Perhaps I may be excused for adding that I, think there should not be the remotest tendency to a departure from the principle of independent opposition, or a discussion of that vital and elemental principle ; and that the inclination of my own opinion is, that Mr. Sharman Crawford's bill, adopted by the League for the purpose of conciliating support from the north, fell below, rather than went beyond, what was demanded by the people of the other provinces ; and what all political economists admit to be essential to securing that which alone ought to be with Irishmen the final end of all rational politics—the greatest happiness of the greatest number of the inhabitants of Ireland, and, consequently, the permanent peace, power, prosperity, greatness, awl glory of the British empire." The Rev. Mr. Birmingham, P.P., tillsvalls, Borneo. kane, writes :— " I enclose my annual subscription of 10s. to the fundt of the Tenant League. " I would presume, Sir, to express a hope that this most important juncture in the history and fortunes of our country shall not pass fruitlessly away. It will pass fruitlessly away if all the national mind and energies be not concentrated, immoveably so, in the prosecution and attainment of measures of practical utility for Ireland And these services never can be rendered if there be not unity of design as well as union of action. We must try to do conjointly one thing at a time, and that well. It must be not only a long pull and a strong pull, but it must be a pull altogether.

" Tenant right should be the watchword in every county, barony, parish, city, town, and hamlet in Ireland—tenant

right should form the subject on the platform, the pledge (to be swallowed without a grimace) on the hustings, the theme in the senate—tenant right should be the first two words which our parliamentary tyros would be taught to pronounce. Until this measure be settled every man in Ireland, no matter of what creed, class, or station he be, barring, of course, the corruptioniats and the unjust landlords, should devote himself politically, heart and soul, and consistently and perseveringly, to its achievements.

" On this all-absorbing question, then, there should be meetings wherever they may be deemed necessary ; parochial collections should be set on foot immediately ; treasurers and collectors should be nominated, who would be directed by the parish committees, and communicate with the council' in the metropolis. For the time being, members of parliament, sincerely and honestly devoted to the question of tenant right, should be selected in preference

to all others ; and they should be pledged—and let us hope that pledges shall have still some influence with honourable men—but they should be pledged to maks tenant right tha chief end and object of their parliamenierf labours, and of whatever support or opperdlisit.

"

afford the ministry of the daye''' T / lk But somebody may say to is the use of all your c

our agitations, when the Housellie without vo'uoler

*Whig the slightest apology, thillf with the me.

racy eontempt, all such Irish measures the instant th are introduced ? To meet this very practical objection would suggest as follows :—At the meeting of the League,' on Tuesday next, it might be moved, and, I think, c that our illustrious Bishops, assel some of our Catholic nobility, be respectfully requested to form a deputation, and to proceedImmediately. Paris, and wait upon the Emperor of the French, and**

make to him a detailed and complete statement dlthe nad case of this most unfortunate and misgoverned weepy; and beg of him, as the new ally of England, .to,tummes strate with the British Queen, and government,: and people on our miserable condition, and the remedies which should be promptly applied. Let them speak to the illustrious relative of the unequalled Napoleon on the Tenant Right Bill, on the position of our tenantry and people, on the Nunneries Inspection Bill, on the Nunne ries Property Bill, and the Catholic Chaplains for the army and navy. Let them—but I must restrain my pen and my enthusiasm lest I might appear dictatorial or wanting in that profound respect which I unaffectedly entertain towards all our Bishops and our nobility generally. " I hope, DV., to be in Dublin on Monday evening to attend, in company with our beloved Bishop, Dr. Vaughan, the consecration of Dr. Moriarty, the latest ornament of our illustrious and unbroken Hierarchy. As, however, the consecration and the meeting will occur on the same day, I must, I fear, forego the pleasure of attending the meeting of the Tenant League. But I shall be with you in spirit. My heart and soul, at least, are with the cause.

" With best wishes for the success of your hallowed efforts, and those of your collaborateurs, for the o ppressed people of Ireland, &c."

The Rev. Mr. Redmond, P.P., Arklow, after apologising for absence, says :— " I find it reported that the Lords, true to their feudal instincts and long practice, have thrown out the Tenants' Compensation Bill, and have affirmed their cherished ter

ritorial canon—quod adhcsret solo, solo cedit. Well, Sir, I, for one, am not sorry for having given those noble legis

lators a fair trial, 'and for having brought our demands down to a line, the justice and moderation of which no reasonable man can for one moment call into question.

" If the leaders of the cause, as I trust they will, not only fall loam( on their primitive demands, but also, like the venders of the mysterious books of old, insist on terms still more unpalatable to the recusants, let the hereditary law-givers thank themselves.

" I am grieved that the voice of God, so terribly spoken through the medium of famine, does not appear to have reached the hearts of the generality of Irish landlords. I have been anxious to leave the letting and taking of land to the adjustment of mercantile principle ; but I find there is in the composition of the aforesaid Irish landlords an admixture which sets every just and fair principle at defiance, and makes those gentlemen forget even their own interests in their lust of power, not only to dispose of the property but of the very lives of their unfortunate tenantry.

" It is time, therefore, to tie up the hands of those legalised destructives, and to teach them that this fair land was not made for their exclusive benefit. We don't want to interfere with their rights of property, but we want to interfere with their irresponsible power and practice of appropriating without an equivalent the property of others.

" I therefore call upon the League to gird up their loins for a renewed and far a more vigorous agitation, and never to desist until they compel the generality of Irish landlords to be honest, even in spite of themselves."

The SECRETARY read the following list of subscriptions as having been received :— X a d. Parish of Gowran, county Kilkenny, per Rev

Thomas O'Shee, Callan _... 6 0 0

From Newtown, in the parish of Callan, per Rev Thomas O'Shee, 5s 6d, which, in addi

tion to 51 8s already forwarded, makes a total sum of 5/13s 6d from Callan for the

current year ... ... 0 5 Thomas Moutgomery,.Esq, Aughnacloy ... 1 0

Mark A Pitt, Esq, Guardian Office, Wexford 0 10

James R G Pitt, Esq, do, do ... 0 10 RevJames Bermingham, P P, Borrisokane ... 0 10 Parish of Glynn, per Rev Denis Foley, P P, including his own subscription for the cur

rent year ... ... ! 0 James A Johnson, Esq, People Office,. Wex ford ... ... o10

Oldcastle, per Rev Thomas Byrne, C C ... '1 1 Parish of Athhoy, county Meath, per the Rev Thomas M'Cullagh, P P, including hie

subscription of 11, and lOs each from the Rev J Corcoran, q c, and Rev J Grogan,

cc -... 5 0 0

The united parishes of Clonrnalon and Killalan, per the Yeti, Rev James Dowling, P l', in addition to 51, recently forwarded from these parishes, making .a total sum of 6/ 14s 6d ... ... ... 1 14 Very Rev James McDonnell, Dean and P P,

Cashel ... ... ... 1 0 Nana, per the Rev Patrick J O'Perrall, C C, Navan .. ... ... 1 0 Rev Nicholas Power, President Navan Semi nary ... 010 Rev E.Iward Flynn, Professor of do 0 10 Rev Peter Fagan, Professor of do ... 0 10 Rev John Daly, C C, N avan ... ... 0 10 Rev Charles McCloskey, P P, county Mo naghan ' ... ... ... 0 10 The joint contributions of the farmers of Paulstown and Goresbridge, in the county of Kilkenny, per the Rev Thomas Hennessy, P P, who, with the Reverend Patrick Turner, Mr James Hely, of Garryduft, and Martin Murphy, Prange, have contributed lOs each ... .. ...

Patrick Langan, Esq, 9, Earl street ... 0 10 0 Alexander Mark, Esq, Beaverstown, county 5 0 0 0 00

Mr. G. H. MOORE, M.P., having been called upon by the chairman, proceeded to address the meeting. He said— In stating the opinions which I entertain on the present position of the tenant right question, I am in some degre embarrassed by the consideration that, as regards the past progress of that question, I do not entirely coincide with those for whose opinions in general I have the greatest respect. It is believed by those gentlemen, and by the country generally, that by the proceedings that took place in the House of Commons last session great progress had been made. I believe, on the contrary, that the course of the question that session was a retrograde movement—not only because the demands of the country were permanently fined down by our acceptance of the compromise then effected, but because I believe that the introduction of the government bill, and its nominal acceptance by the House of Commons, had no other object than that of relieving Mr. Keogh, Mr. Sadleir, and their confederates from the responsibility of their pledges, by allowing the zeal of the country to cool down, while, in the meantime, they escaped frau, universal censure, under cover of the nominal passing of that bills(fsklear, hear," and cheers.) I believe that that scheme Ise to a very considerable extent succeeded,. and that the question of tenant right, which was at that time warm and alive in the hearts of the people, has, by this process of manipulation. been gradualtiaglited do and worn out ; sad thas these gentlemen Olt -not counter the same universal indignation, on the abandon* ment of this question by the government noir, with which they would unquestionably have been, overwhelmed if the subject had been altogether overlooked on their first acceptance of office. (Cheers.) That the subject is now considered ripe for abandonment by the Liberal government of the day seems to be generally admitted. It has become a matter of general belief that the Tenants' Compensation Bill—that is to say, the Tenant Right Bill—will not be persevered with. (Hear, hear.) The question, therefore, which we have practically to consider is, what course we ought to pursue in case this Tenants' Compensation Bill be entirely ignored by the committee of the Lords, or so mutilated as to be no longer of any substantial value. Upon this matter I believe no difference of opinion can exist amongst the real supporters of tenant right in the House of Commons. If the question of tenant right is thus dealt with by the House of Lords, and not taken up with the whole might and the whole will of the government, it would be idle, and worse than Idle, in us so to trifle with this gnat question as to introduce a bill into parliament in the present state of public opinion, and the present divisions of the Irish party, because we should now have to contend not only with the avowed opponents of tenant right, but with the still more dangerous antagonism of its nominal supporters. The representatives of the Irish tenant class in parliament are at present rent into two hostile factions, as much opposed to each other, and to each other's progress, as any two parties in parliament. (Hear, hear.) To pretend, therefore, by linking together two such intes tine discords to pass through the House of Commons a bill—to compel the reception of which the most cordial and indefatigable union of Irish representatives, and the most unanimous and burning resolution of the whole force of Irish opinion is absolutely necessary, would be a miserable mockery, which I can scarcely mention without a blush, and to which we at least will not consent to be parties. (Cheers.) Unless, therefore, the Irish people are prepared to take this matter into their own hands, to decide definitely and at once between the two policies on which their representatives are divided, and to lay down and unequivocally define the basis upon which in future we are to act together—it is utterly useless for them to expect any tenant right bill. (" Hear, hear," and loud cheers.) On this question, therefore, it is our duty to appeal to the Irish people, and to call upon them to declare their own opinions upon their own rights—to call upon them to de. cide between us and the Keoghs, the Sadleira, the Scullys, the Fitzgeralds, et hoc genus omne ; between places for their friends and relations, and social and religious rights for their country. (Cheers.) 1, for one, am prepared to adopt that course ; I, for one, have no doubt whatever as to the opinion of the people of Ireland. (" Hear, hear," and cheering.) And if the question of tenant right be abandoned or trifled wit,h by the government this session, I think that, instead of attempting a mock fight in the House of Commons, we should hold a council of war with the Irish people. (Loud cheers.) There is no part of Ireland—no county in Ireland—in which I am not prepared to appeal to the judgment of my countrymen. On a recent occasion, in the House of Commons, I was informed by Mr. John O'Connell that he was prepared to rceet me before the Irish people on the great question of policy upon which we are divided. I am ready to give him an opportunity to make good his boast ; and here, on jrish ground, I challenge him to meet me before any assemblage of honest Irishmen that he can bring together. (Loud cheering.) I care not in what part of Ireland, or in what county— north, south, east, or west—wherever ten thousand Irishmen are gathered together, there will the honest cause I have to plead have honest hearts to back it. (" Hear, hear," and cheers.) There are others, far more able than I, that will support me in the performance of this honourable duty ; and they and I are ready to meet all comers

in the light of day, and before the Irish people, on ast policy that does not fear the day light. and that has no object but the achievement of the people's rights in view.

(Hear.) This is the course of action which I recommend to the friends of tenant right—this is the course which, with their support and approbation, I am resolved to pursue. (Loud cheers.) The enemies called on Mr. Lucas to express his opinion.

Mr. Lucas, M.P., expressed his concurrence in what had been said by Mr. Moore. It was obvious to the mind of one who watched what had been going on in the country and in parliament, that it was utterly useless to go on discuss ing this question in the House of Commons, or anywhere else, except with reference to the hope that might be entertained that, at a future election, this state of things would be radically altered. (Hear, hear.) If the next election left them pretty much as they were at pre sent, with twenty, men on one side, and twenty on the other, it would be idle to think of going on with the question. He for one would not trouble himself with it for a moment if he thouteitthat was to be the result of the next general election ; therefore the whole use of considering the question now was with reference to the expression of opinion on the part of the country, which would have effect by anticipation before the next general election, and would then, they might hope, result in a change in the Irish representation. (Hear.) The Rev. Mr. Dowma—Do you concur in Mr. Moore's challenge to discuss the question of place-taking before any county in Ireland I Mr. LUCAS —I do. (Hear.) The Rev. Mr. Laments—If there is no objection to Meath we will assemble the,10,000 men in that county. (" Hear" ahd Laughter.)

Mr. Diner, M.P, having been called on, said he agreed in th6 practical conclusions put forward by Mr. Moore and assented to by Mr. Lucas, and he was prepared to take his partin carrying them out. (Hear.) If they were to appeal to the country, he would give up as much of his time as might be necessary to do his share of the work. He ought to state, that as to some of the observations there was that difference of opinion that necessarily occurred between men of different minds looking at the same thing. He did not agree with Mr. Lucas that such an agitation as Mr. Moore proposed was only to produce fruit and to have results at the next general election.

Mr. Lucas explained that what he said was, that the agitation would have results before the next general election in anticipation of what would spring out of that election.

Mr. DUFFY said there was the additional fact that in times of war England was always ready to listen to the complaints of Ireland ; and he thought that by making their rulers uneasy they would accomplish those things they had looked for in vain before. (Hear, hear.) He did not quite concur in what had been said as to what had been done in the last session. He thought great success had been achieved ; they got great principles recognised, so that they were entitled to go back and insist upon their being passed into lea. (Hear, hear.) This was surely a great gain. He fully admitted that in this session less than nothing had been done, yet he thought the cause was in a great deal better position than before the last general election, both because they had got the principles recognised, and because affairs were in that position in which justice was most likely to be accomplished. Mr. Moore seemed to say—and if so he quite agree ! with him—that if the Lords' committee did not report in favour of such a measure as they could accept, instead of playing with the question in the House of Commons after such a decision, they should come back to the people of Ireland and put it to them whether they would insist upon those things being done or not. If he did not misapprehend what was likely to occur, the Lords, by deciding against this bill, would not better their position as landed propriet,rs, but would make it a great

deal worser.) if they for,d4t. to ap 410,1114414rople. Air. TRISTRAM KENNEDY, M.P., said—I think something more might be done betore the decision of the House of ' Lords on these bills, by the feeling of the people of Ireland acting upon the representatives of several constituencies who have not given in their support. I think there are many members who are now the supporters of government for the sake of place, and other such objects, that might be influenced by some expression of the feeling of their constituents. (Hear, hear.) If we have the power at a future election of returning men to support the cause we represent, have not now the sentiments of the people the power of extending its influence to the existing representatives 1 If you have eight or ten counties in Ireland expressing their dissatisfaction at the course that their existing representatives are pursuing, and calling upon those representatives to abandon their seats that they, might be honestly and properly ',presented, I think that would have some influence hit those men. You have now the only material—the voicoir the people— and what is to prevent it being raised at the present state of the proceedings I We are only shelving the question for another year, if we do not call for it. I think there must be counties and boroughs in Ireland that are dissatisfied with their existing representatives; and I think it would be very desirable if a public expression was brought to bear on them. (Hear, hear.) That would be a species of legitimate agitation at this moment, and it would be a precursor of a stronger agitation that must be had recourse to when opportunity offers. We must recollect that it is not against a Tory, a Conservative, an English or a Scotch house we are fighting ; but that it is the Irish party against the Irish party. (Hear, hear.) And although that was a honourable proposition from Mr. Moore to meet Mr. John O'Connell, still it is a painful reflection that we have to have recourse to such a measure. (Hear, hear.) I recollect the proud day in which we had forty.two members of parliament assembled in William.street I We had prospects of something for the country on that day. What has prevented our having the wishes of the people granted to them but the division of the Irish representatives ? I am not talking of the landlord representatives, but of the people's representatives. We are divided as man to man ; and as regards this great question, the people are precisely as if they had no representatives. (Hear, hear.) I think something ought to be done at present—I cannot say what course ought to be adopted ; but something ought to be done—

Mr. MOORE—We shall have the result of the Lords' committse within a fortnight.

Mr. KENNEDY—That is very true ; but we know how much even that result may be influenced by public opinion in this country at this particular time. (Hear, hear.) And I think that before that committee makes its report that the pressure should be brought to bear. (Hear, hear.) This, I must say, that there is a great principle already recognised in the bills that have already passed the Lords. The very principle contended for in the Compensation Bill is fully recognised as far as principle goes-

Mr. LUOAS—What is that)

Mi KENNEDY—The principle of compensation; they recognise that the building is the property of the tenant—

Mr. 'Lucas—What I was told was, the only thing recognised is, that the landlord, if he chooses, may purchase, and that if he does not choose to purchase the tenant may cart away the materials.

Mr. KENNEDY —That is, that as far as principles goes they recognise the building to be the property of the tenant.

The CHAIRMAN then said Mr. M'Convery had been requested to ascertain the feelings of the north, and they would then be glad to hear what he had to report.

Mr. M'CONVERY said—I may not have perfectly understood the observations that have fallen from our worthy parliamentary representatives, but I must confess that to

me they seem by no means as explicit as I should have wished. I think there is no occasion for deliberation now as to the course to be pursued ; that course has been long settled upon and the only thing in my opinion now to be considered is, the best means, under existing circumstances, to carry it out with advantage to the country. (Hear.) I hold in my hand a special report of the conference of September, 1852, and I see by the resolutions passed at that conference that a decided line of action was propounded to the country, and nubile opinion has over and over again staliped that line of action with general approval. (Hear, hear.) Why, therefore, ask now what is to be done? If ever a policy had a fair claim to the title of national, assuredly that policy which was adopted after mature eloliberation at the conference of September, 1852, bak--(tneers)---and I really cannot comprehend anything moritarvariance with political consistency and sound morality than the present conduct of those who took an active leading part at that conference in their crusade against their old companions for honestly labouring to carry out the very resolutions that they themselves helped to frame, and earnestly inchl. cated for many a long day wherever their influence could

reach. (Hear, hear.) At that meeting the principles of Crawford's bill were explained and adopted, and a formal resolution passed, that no bill which did not embody them, whole and entire, could satisfy the country. (Hear, hear.) Another resolution warning individuals against committing themselves to any other measure of tenant right without the opinion of the country being previous y elicited, was passed unanimously—(hear, hear)—and then the famous pledge, binding our representatives to independent oppoaition, was administered by the president of the conference, Sharman Crawford himself, in the shape of a resolution, which, I trust, will descend to posterity to gild his name when his present extraordinary inconsisten

cies and tergiversation will be long forgotten. I say inconsistencies, for I am warranted in the conclusion that the parties—president and all—who propounded that policy of opposition to every government which might refuse to make it a cabinet question, to give the tenantry of Ireland a measure of tenant right fully embodying all the principles of Crawford's bill, did at the time know the real meaning and tendency of their own plan, and were deeply impressed with the necessity oi puttieg it into immediate execution, no matter how it might affect English factions. (Hear, hear.) Either this is an unquestionable fact or they were not only unsafe guides, but a pack of mercenary brawlers, acting on a grand scale, the ass in the lion's akin. (Hear.) I repeat, then, that all who took an active part in the inauguration of the independent policy, at the meeting in question, have now no room for escape from its consequences. (Hear.) The country must hold them fast to it ; once fully committed they must, I say, either persevere to the end or rest content to be ranked with one of two very exceptionable classes, faithless falsifiers of solemn pledges, or intolerable bores, who command one day what they repudiate the next, and are never to be depended upon, even when their own honour and veracity are at stake. The League, therefore, looking back at the line it marked out for itself, should, I submit, go onwithout moving an inch from its path in consequence of the base desertion of the recreants who have, as far as in them lay, sold the pass. (Hear, hear.) " Fiat justitle" should be the motto of the people's advocates. In refusing to sacrifice the interests of Ireland to the interest of the Liberal party in England we deny having or holding any opinion in common with Toryism. This is the last charge brought against us by the pledge.breakers ; but I say if to work honestly for the tenantry of Ireland is to support Toryism in England, then must Whiggery be a terrible cheat. (Loud cheers.) But, in preferring the dictates of conscience to the dictates of a political party, I am confident our representatives deserve praise rather than censure, at least from those who talk of the right of a people to think for themselves and act. accordft to their own opinion, particularly in matters coneerni Asir own peculiar affairs. (Hear, heat)

rent among the backstIde,V U ,on to prop up their apostacy, and I mention

of our political instructors who are skilled in the useful art of stripping pernicious fallacies of their plausibility may give it the benefit of a passing thought. (Hear, hear.) To oppose the present Liberal government, they say, is to support the Tories. Your are not allowed to think—that is the privilege of the heads of the great parties—whatever you do to weaken the Whigs, you do to strengthen the Tories ; if by your vote you put them out, you put in their place the old persecuting historical enemies of Ireland ; therefore are ym, whatever be your professions to the contrary, while you hold the opposition policy, the real friends and allies of the Tories. (Laughter.) This is what one meets in the Whig press every day in the week —what one hears at tenant right meetings where the retrograde policy is preached by such men as Sharman Crawford, and independent opposition represented as an elaborate plan to support the Tories, and prevent the passing of all useful measures. (Cries of " Hear, hear.") Now, I think, it is right to meet these accusations from this very spot, and that it is wrong to allow any man, or any body of men, to misrepresent us with impunity. (" Hear, hear," and cheers.) Sharman Crawford, who was covered with praise by this body more than once, warns the people now against giving it the slightest support. While such misrepresentations pass unnoticed, you cannot expect the people to work. Everything calculated to lead the people astray should be met on the spot, no matter who may be the author. (Hear, hear.) The people are all for Crawford's bill, and through its author has clearly thrown it aside, that is no reason why others, who are solemnly pledged to it, should follow his example. (Cheers.) We cannot be dragged through the mire of inconsistency by every one who wishes to turn his back upon himself. I was asked to elicit the opinion of the north. The meeting in Belfast, I hope, will be considered a satis factory answer. (Applause.) All parties at the press, of every shade, admitted that. the hall was densely crowded, and that the greatest enthusiasm accompanied the pro. ceedings. Other parts of Ulster will give the same response if the same means be applied. The country and the League must and will work together if the leaders do their duty. Reorganise, then, agitate, and show an indomitable earnestness of purpose to the government. If you want to convince not only the reasoning few, but the working many, you must go among them and administer the proper food to the instincts and passions of thesuflerers. (Cheers.) After dilating at considerable length on the necessity of county and parish meetings, Mr. M'Convery sat down amidst loud cheers.

Mr. MOORE fully concurred in everything Mr. M'Convery had so ably stated, except the first sentence. He said he was unable to understand the statements that had been made. Now, with great respect to him, he (Mr. Moore) was quite unable to understand his objection to their statements, because his speech appeared to be an eloquent advocacy of the course they intended to pursue. They proposed to take the sense of the people upon the question before them, which was the very thing Mr. M'Convery thought they ought to do. Under these circumstances, as they were entirely agreed, he (Mr. Moore) did not think there was anything for him to reply to. Mr. M'Convery said that at a public meeting, held some time ago, they entered into a solemn engagement not to abandon this question, but, at the same time, the people entered into a corresponding engagement to support them in that course, and they were now going to them to require at their hands that support so promised. (Hear, hear.) He had made allusion to Mr. Crawford. He (Mr. Moore) really did not think they should be bound to enter into any controversy with Mr. Crawford as to everything he had ever said on the subject of tenant right. (Hear, hear.) There was hardly an opinion known on the subject that he had not broached at some time or other. He was a gentleman possessed of many of those good mien

Cons which abounded in another place that should be nameless, but a gentleman of very weak understanding. Whatever might be his intentions or purposes he (Mr. Moore) could only say that in his own country, the north, at Belfast, which would be a legitimate place to take the sense of the people of the north, his colleagues and himself would be most happy to meet Mr. Crawford, and they there challenged him to meet and discuss this question with them. (Hear, hear.) He thought that was the proper, the fair, and manly way to meet any charges made by Mr. Crawford, whether they were calumnies or not. (Applause.) They would meet him on his own dunghill, and they were perfectly ready to take the opinion of the people of Ireland between them. (Applause.)

Mr. Wee/svelte said he agreed perfectly with the policy of the Irish party, and with the statements made. What he said he could not understand, was simply the course they were determined to take with regard to the bill, whether they would proceed with it or appeal at once to the country.

Mr. Moorts said that whether they "went on with the bill this session was really a matter of very little importance. They could not push it farther than it stood at present without the assistance of the country. The most effectual way they thought of advancing the hill would be by appealing to the people to give them such an amount of support as would enable them to act with effect. (Cries of " Hear" and cheers.) Mr. DITFFY said Mr. IM'Convery adfnonished them to go back. They proposed to go forward. They could not do anything in the Commons. The government refused to let them take any step there, as they had the control. They said the matter should begin in the Lords ; their answer was, that if the Lords proposed what was unsatisfactory to the people of this country they would come back and ask the people what they were prepared to do. (Loud cheers.) Mr. T. KENNEDY said what had been stated by Mr. Crawford appeared to be a very hostile attack upon the conduct and policy of the members of the Irish party who adhered to their pledges and principles. The very fact of their endeavouring to carry the measure which he introduced himself was a complete answer to any imputation or reflection he might cast upon them.

Dr. GRATTAN said he thought the people of the north and the Presbyterian Clergy had swerved from their duty. (Hear, hear.) Many years before they had recognised the principle in Kildare—that until a bill was passed to secure the property of the tenant, and give to him a just claim for improvements, all hope of good for Ireland was out of the question. That was done long before the Tenant

League was established. Well, Sharman Crawtord's bill was introduced. The tenants cheered for it. He felt they could do nothing without the aid of the people of the north. They came forward in a body, crossed the Boyne, headed by their Clergy. The Kildare people gave to them all the assistance in their power. They gave up their own simple plan, and they adopted that of Sharman Crawford's bill, and they made it the test with their representatives. And many were the men of independence who said. " Sharman 'Crawford's is one that will never pass." One man, a friend of his own, who came before a public meeting in Kildare and said he would not support Crawford's bill, was thrown out on that objection only, and another man returned in his place ; and yet the northerns threw them overboard altogether. No man, however, could serve two masters. They could not receive the so-called regium donum —which was not a royal gift of 50,0001. a year, but 50,000/. a year taken out of the pockets of the people— and support the League. If those men came forward and did their duty they might hope for something, but if they did not come forward, he for one, as an elector of Kil4,fts valid have nothing to.d6 with them. (Hear, hear.)

Mr. M'Cosivear explainad4k what he had said was, that every man who pursued,akarograde policy should be " cut off at once." (Hear, bear.) Let them keep the kernel still alive— them keep truth always before. the people, and numbifilllould cling to it. (Hear.) Dr. GRATTAN said OM was one very important question that had been tali gfeat extent lost sight of—namely, how the condition of the industrial classes could best be improved 1 That, as a matter of necessity, had been to a great extent overlooked, but there was no doubt at all that, unless something was done, the country would be denuded of its population. He knew one town in which, not long since, there were eighty houses and eighty familit 5, and now there were but three houses and three families. (Hear.) He merely mentioned the matter, as he knew it could not then be properly brought under their notice.

The Rev Mr. LANGAN read the following resolution, which he said he had the greatest pleasure in proposing, at the same time expressing his most ardent hope that the challenge thrown out by Mr. Moore would be met by Mr. John O'Connell. (Hear, bear) : " Resolved—That the present state of the tenant right question, and the mode in which that question is advocated in parliament, renders it imperatively necessary that an appeal shall be made to the people of Ireland OR the subject. That if, as is generally believed, the Tenants' Compensation Bill be virtually abandoned by the commitee of the House of Lords now sitting, it is hopeless to proceed with the question in a hostile parliament, unless the Irish people give to the movemont that united and energetic support which can alone carry it to a successiul issue.

" That of that party of representatives sent to parliament by the Irish people, with a united will and for a united purpose, more than half have abandoned their promises to their constituents, and betrayed the rights of the tenant ; and that, unless Irish constituencies are resolved to adopt such measures as may reinfore the strength of those who are still faithful to their promises, they must make up their minds to surrender tenant right altogether.

" That the tenant right representatives are requested, at the earliest possible period, to appeal to the Irish people upon this matter, with the view of obtaining from them an explicit and determined expression of opinion on the shameful schism that now divides the Irish representatives, and defeats the advocacy of Irish rights."

Mr. M'CONVERY seconded the resolution, which was put from the chair and passed unanimously.

George H. Moore, M.P., was called to the second chair, and a vote of thanks having been passed to the former chairman, the meeting separated.—Freeman.

" A GENUINE CELT,—A Belfast gentleman at present residing In Victoria was taking a walk through the country around Melbourne in December last, and in the course of his journey discovered an honest son of the sod located in a mud-wall cabin, the roof of which was covered with sods instead of thatch, and at the end of the house stood a pigstye, duly tenanted. Here was the good old spirit evinced in a land 18,000 miles away, and genuine as if existing amid the hills of Mayo."

We (Dundalk Democrat) take the foregoing paragraph from the Banner of Ulster, a newspaper conducted by Dr. M'Knight. The sneer at the poor Celt comes with a bad grace from that quarter. A glance at Irish history would have told the writer that in years gone by the "genuine Celt" was cheated and plundered in his own land ; and tbat those who cheated and plundered hini of his rightful po4sessions were not content till they *old him to go " to Hell or Connaught," where they made him almost a savage. They not only sent him to the mores,' and the mountains, but they set a price on the head of his Priest, and made it a felony to teach his children to read or write. And Engliph law and brute force having banished him to Omnaught, and Pcourged and degraded him there—and if he had built a good house, confiscated it ; or if be had a horse worth 100/., took it-mm him for 5L, an" made him an outlaw—we are told now that he transfers his habits to the antipodes, and he is sneered at because he is found practising abroad what oppression compelled him to do at home. • PASTOR L OF THE ARCHBISEMPrOP DUBfiI PAUL, BY THZ GRAM OP GOD AND OP TEN APOSTOLIO II ARORBI8H8P, 860 , PRIMATE OF /RELAED, &CL, 2o the Clergy and Laity of the Diocese of Dublin.

While the Churl,' is still commemorating the resurrem tion of her Divine Spoute—while the hallelujahs of the joyful days of Easter are still resounding on the ear, and speaking to the soul sweet hopes of a blessed immortality —while all nature, in harmony with so glorious a festival, seems to have arisen from antate of torpor aied death to new life—it is to us an additional source of joy to have to announce to you the returtof that month which is especially delightful O all the clients of Mary, because of the devotions in her honour to which it is consecrated by the piety of the Faithful. •

It is not strange that to the children of Mary the fresh verdure of May should seem more bright, and the bloom of its flowers more beautiful, since in their minds those attractions are mingled with the sweet hymn of the Virein's praise, and festive celebrations in her honour. Throughout the wide domain of the Catholic Church they invite each other at this period to proclaim the glories of their heavenly Mother; in the languege of the canticle,. they seem to bid each other, " Arise, and come, for the winter is past, and the rain is now over and gone, and the flowers have appeared : the time of pruning is come, and the voice of the turtle is heard in our land"--(Oat., 11.. n1 —in all this being animated by that spirit of devotineto the Mother of God which p-rvaded the Church from its very commencement, and was always a mark of the true' faith. When these devoted clients of Mary love to honour her whom God honoured above all creatures—when they aspire to be her children whose child He vouchsafed tO become—when they implore her intercession who co operated with such ardent charity in the great work of the redemption—when they place themselves under her special protection, meditate on her virtues, and endeavour to imitate so perfect a Model, are they not adopting most efficacious means 61' rendering themselves agreeable to God, and securing their eternal salvation3 In imitation of those faithful followers of Mary, shall not we also have recourse to her powerful protection? Shall we not send forth our cries to her with renewed energy, and beseech her as our most gracious advocate to turn those eyes of mercy towards us, and save us from the perils by which we are surrounded I We cannot think upon the number and magnitude of those perils and our own weakness and misery, without feeling our utter inability to encounter them, unaided, and the necessity of 'reeking assistance,' from above. Behold the implacable hatred to our holy religion with which heresy is poisoning the minds of its votaries—behold the bigotry and fanatichtm of the enemies of the Church; with liberality =on their • tins, and the venom of asps in their hearts, they are endeavouringetti, deprive us of the free exercisof our religioh, to'elteite'S spirit of dire hostility against tie, and to revive the perste cutions of past centuries : to :adduce only one example; well calculated to illustrate their spirit, is it not the:pre-1 sent occupation of the fanatic and the bigot to assail your' convents, to threaten them with vexatious and humiliating inquiries, and while thus betraying their•nemlly hostility, are they not insulting us by announcing that, Ibrstwith, they mean to protect the personal liberties and the4to-' perty of Catholics? And now, dearly beloved, While the enemies °tout:holy faith ae thus leagued against us ; while they-desire to deprive us of the holy influence of the example of the chaste Spouse of :Jesus Christ, and to rob the Church of Ireland:7 oi one of its brightest ornaments, the conventual inetitm: tion, to place the practice of the evangelical counsels of poverty, chastity, and obedience, as it were under ban, by making the:laws brand the religious life with the stigma ot suspicion ; whilst they are intent on interrupting the exercise:ref that charity which instructs ignorance, dries up the tear of affliction, consoles the orphan and the widow, and prepares the dying sinner to meet his Judge : does it not behove us, in such a juncture, to have recourse to Heaven for assistance? and to render our prayers more efficacious, should we not place them under the protection of the Mother of God l True, you will continue to make use of all the means which the constitution places within your reach, to protect your religious liberties, acting Air concert, preserving union among yourselves, and prudently avoiding the discussion of those topics upon which the Catholic body is not agreed. When we are assailed with violence from without, we should he ready to sacrifice our own private interests and views, and think of nothing but the public goott,:aad the defence of nineteligious freedom. Were.we to allevianyelements of disedrdlo he introduced into our deliterratieseggeerrould fall an easy prey to the enemy, and in us would bp verified the words of Our Saviour, "Every kW/diem &tided iigitself shall be laid waste." Satthough nsits011 lank" temporal means to preserve oar tights, do ItotelorgeVithat prayer is to■he above all things our armee/ Reform. Out: hope ie In Heaven :, there is the source of our strength: ',Wafter all, of ourselves we are weak, and with tbelApestleof ithe Gentiles we May say,,that among tis " therefore-not many! wise according to the flesh, not 'Many mightY, not many noble; but the foolish things of..the World hath God chosen that He xeity confound the ; -and the weak things of the world rhath God. [chosen, that He may confound the strong; and the base thing* of the world, and the things that are contemptibleAkth God chosen, and the things that are not, Oast He may bring to nought the things thatare : that no insit should glory in His sight."—(1 Corin., I. L) But while We resernblein our infirmities our forefather a in the Faith, who were addressed by St. Paul, are not intolerance find bigotry-surrounded by all the power which wealth; and station, and worldly-influence can command 1 Depending' on the arm of the flesh, like Goliah, they assail the people of God in pride and boasting; but with the humble David " we come in the name of the Lord of Hosts, the God of the armies of Israel."(1 Kings, grit. 45.) Let us then, nothing wavering, put our trust in God, who will protect us, and bring:to nought the designs of the enemies of our faith. Let Our prayers and supplications ascend incessantly to the throne of the Moat High—let us place them under the powerful patronage of His holy Mother, and the great Queen of Virgins will not abandon the chaste spouses of the Immaculate Lamb who endeavour to walk in her footsteps andto imitate her virtues. But the persecution or our religious institutions is not the only motive which should impel us at present to crave merey:frout Heaven, and to implore the help of Mary during this holy' month. Some time ago we warned you of the approach of that fatal scourge—the cholera—which had desolated so many countries of Europe, and we exhorted you to do penance for sin, the cause of all the evils of the world, to correct your evil ways, to refrain from intemperance and the* other degrading vices,, which call •. down upon the delinquent even In thug life.the Ylliblit chastisements' of God, bring diselme teat Vet' body, and everlieting ruin on the soul, 11 a prayers have been offered np every three 1 tliti` fice of the Main by the Clergy of this di the AlniightY to heart the scourge to His mercy, we have been hitherto spared ; but, as the iger is still menacing, let us, dearly-beloved brethreue continue our supplications, that we may tie pre-erved from the ravages of pestilence, but cap cially let us be mindful: to purify our consciences from all euilt, and prepare our selves to meet, with resignation to His holy will, the afflictions, whatever they may be, with which God may have detertelabd to visit us. There Is another, and one of the most dreadful of the scourges of Ged'is anger,' now commencing to descend upon the nations of Europe ; a scourge considered by the Royal ; Prophet to be more terrible than pestilence or, famine. For nearly forty years we have enjoyed a profound peace, bat, now so great a blessing has been removed, and we are involved in aewar of which no one can foresee the vicissitudes and final issue. It is a war against a most powerful monarch, who has been always a dangerous enemy to our holy relizion. In the countries subject to his sway be has renewed the scenes of persecution and confiscation against Catholics, of which our poor country was the theatre under Elizabeth and succeeding Bove. reigns. Acting on the same principles and imbued with the same spirit with which the fanatics of this empire are animated against oer conventual institutions, he too has persecuted Nuns, destroyed convents, confiscated their property, and in many other ways afflicted the Church of Christ. Whilst he was thus engaged, did those who am now promoting measures for the protection, as they hypocritically assert, of Catholic liberty and property, denounce his career of persecution and violencee They were silent, or applauded him. One solitary voice was heard in defence of innocence and justice—it was the voice of the successor of St. Peter, who, though in the decrepitude of old age and on the brink of the grave, confronted the modern Attila with Apostolic courage, and reminded him of the dreadful judgments of Heaven on the persecutors of the Church.

The time of vengeance foretold by the Pontiff has perhaps arriverViThe ambitious designs of this monarch On 'a neighbouring state have compelled our gracious Sovereign and her ally, Abe Emperor of the French, to declare war against him in defence of justice and the rights of the State which has been invaded. The contest thus provoked has now commenced, butnve cannot contemplate its conbequences without dismay. in its course how many countries will be laid waste—bow many cities pillaged and deetroyed—how many cello:Inflicted on humanity—how Many• crimes perpetrated, and how many thousands of 'Armen beingnehurried unprepared to the bar of Divine judgment? If we consider the greatness of those evils, though they do not immediately affect ourselves, yet we intanot but deplore them, and, as Christians and lovers of titglow of charity, supplicate the Ruler of Nations to break thorn pride and injustice ; to give victory to the arms of this kingdom ; to bring the war to a speedy and successful issue; and to restore to us the blessings of peace. Many of our brave countrymen have gone forth to fight the battles of our empire ; we should not forget to offer up a special petition for their safety. Placed in the midst of daoger, and exposed to great spiritual destitution, 'they stand in need of all the charitable assistance of the Faithful. To render our prayers for them and for the saccess of our arms more efficacious, we enjoin on all the Clergy of the diocese to recite, every Sundlyfrom the prepent date until further orders,,after the otherpresoribed Pollects, the prayers taken from the Mass. 4t Tempore Belli, as laid down in the Roman Missal. • We may add that it must appear to the children of Mary a good omen of the prosperous issue of the war that the fleets of our ally.have been placed under the protection of the Motherof431od, and that her image, sent by the lEmperor of the French, has been inaugurated with great preligious pomp on board the admiral's vessel. This solemn. profession of Catholic faith and of tender devotion to the :Mother of Our Lord, cannot fail to be the source of inestimable blessings. We may confidently expect that it will contribute to make reparation in some measure to the offended dignity of the Queen of Heaven for the outrages, and insults that have been offered within the last few yeari to her name and images elsewhere. The Devotions of the Month of May will consist of the Rosary ofethe.Blessed Virzin, a short instruction, or a lobapter fro* ta pious book on her virtues and priviieges, d her Litany ; the Benediction of the Most Holy Sacra, ment will be added when possible. We -request, as a special favour, that at these devotions you wileeoommend with all earnestness to Our Blessed Mothere oho is the seat of wisdom, the successful instalment atitiluture prosperity of the Catholic University, the Interests of which are now engaging the serious attention of the Prelates of Ireland, and are most dear to the paterteal heart of his Holiness the Pope.

I To conellide, we exhort you again, dearly beloved, to be Incessant during this holy month in imploring the powerful protection of the Patroness of Ireland against the open

Ititacks of fanaticism and bigotry, as well as the insidious. machinations of those who seek, by bribery and pretended, kindness, to pervert the Faith of our suffering people let us also entreat her to preserve us from the ravages oil pestilence, and to stay the horrors of war. May her inter. cession obtain for US peace, abundance, happiness, every spiritual joy and consolation, and, above alL.the grace of final perseverance and a happy death. The grace of Our Lord Jesus be with your Spirit. ' 01. PAUL CULLER, Archbishop, dm DelkiiikApril 22nd, 1854.

LAVING OF THE FIRST fit THU CHTfildit

OP ST., BRIDGETROLESTOWO '00' irBLifft The tereinediel.■ ,'Ist lird"stehir of the new chtireir of 'Ot Abbot' • 'be. this Call11011iir lasit Tregit 'The op Celeitated tAti.ftitiellui,A301510 ef ited by the urattike • lied. Cleriy-ii *WWI liereral of 't Priests resident in the aistrict. • '• -P, SS Minima mid John ; Rev 'Mf P,' Wattle; Amongst the Clergy present were the soh% Bev Mr,'"O'Brieti,1P P, Donahate 610: WOW Roleineilen;c Ref ,James Youdg,r'PIP,'FInglas; Rey 'MY; Sheridan, •Oef Sew J KellY;*0 Re, StnYth, Rev

,g4,601; P O'Brien, Rev 'Dr Wend,' *NW Tfr

Mr Morrist;Ott Thdittertillaniefille.laity was att. mefotis.t The moot matkedent and'intrettelt finothe' foundation of the new &MA indiehted a. ink cross erected at ette eastern end; 'where the 'MA attar will stand. At the left side a space was openedeethe deposition of the first stone of the sacred building.

The place selected for the erect:ten of the new Christian temple is situate in a central metigititureeque spot, com mending a view of the 4torran g country; "with the ocean and Larnbay in die: diviteitee. The Charch when completed will constitutet trirlypteltaing object, as viewed either from land or sea.

The plan of the church consists of a nave dititive feet long by twenty-eight feet, and a chancel twenty feet deeg by twenty feet wide. A porch is situated in the second bey of the nave on the north side. On the south side Of be chancel stands a sacristy. The Orb of 'architecture is early pointed Gothic of the thirteenth century. Phn east end of the chancel contains a tripleterf lancet window* The sides are lighted by single lancets. The west geble contains two lofty lancets, and a rem window, fillecicititle characteristic tracery, and is surmounted by a bel for two bells. 'The roofs are of equilateral Pi h and are to be ‘geopen," and of dressed timber. The chancel will: bellitnished with a richly-carved altar and reredos; a sacrarium on the Epistle side, and a founder's tothbothitlie Gospel side. The church is duly orientated. The high ;read runs on the north side, which causes the oaitionOftherporch. It is expected that the church will

e opened before the end of the present year. Mr. M'Carthy the architect. The Messrs. Doolin are the contractors the completion of the work.

:The ceremonies commenced at one o'clock by a procesPon of the Clergy, headed by the Crucifer bearing the ft6101;'aad followed by the Lord Bishop of Cloyne, attended by the Rev. Mr. Keogh, and lastly by his Grace the Archbishop in his Pontifical robes, attended by the Rev. fr. Mulligan, as Chaplain. The Rev. Doctors Doyle and Wood officiated as leaders of the choir of Priests. After the usual prayers, the psalm, "'Qum Dilecta," was chanted, the blessing of the elements, and the benedioSion of the corner-stone followed, and the Archbishop and relate Assistant, with the' attendant Clergy standing at the cross, recited the" antiphons," ad then, kneeling, chanted the Litany ofthe Sainte. After the approprinteprayers, the cantieleiv Nisi Dominus" was chanteVadtthe first stoned fiEfenew church was lowered to its place with the usual soleamitieS. The " Veni Creator" was sung by the choir of Priests, and the ceremonial concluded with the Pontifical benedition. His Grace the Archbishop then briefly addressed the conereeation assembled. He dwelt on the importance of the great work they had that day begun—the erection of a temple to the honour and glory of their God, who was to dwell therein, under the mysterious veil of the Sacrament of the altar—a temple wherein they would find true Christian consolation. HM Grace spoke of the honeur 'reserved for those who were permitted to build temples to God—an honour not even conceded * holy David. a man 'after God's own heart, but reserved for the wise Solomon, who thought it hie' highest duty to expend the treasures accumulated by his father and himself in erecting the glorious temple Oflernsaletn. After returning from their captivity in Babylon, the first act of the Jewish people was to rebuild their temple. The early Christians, who had to assemble in caves and catacombs, and there celebrate the Holy Mysteries, on obtaining religious liberty set about building churches worthy of their sublime faith. The ruins of Lusk, Swords-, and other places in this neighbourhood showed that the Catholic people of Rolestown were but doing what their fbrefathers had done before them ; and be trusted that the Church which they had dedicated to St. Bridget, the Patroness of Ireland, would, -by the blessing of God, be brought to a speedy completion. His Grace invoked the Divine blessing on all who assisted and contributed to the commencement of this good work.

The ceremonial concluded at'abotit three °Week.

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HOLY WEEK IN THE CATHEDRAL or OUR ' LADY OF THE ASSIIMPTIGN ,CARLOW After the naitai se4tannitimi Of -Patin gunday, the sacred ceremonies commenced with Taneinle, at half-past six o'clock, on the evening of Wednesday. The last Lamentation opt,this eveplog, as well as on Thursday and Friday, tom tong in the style of the Pope's chapel. On i hursday meriting, the sublime rite of the consecration of oils took place, as also that of the general Communion of the Clergy, together with many of the laity, and the procession of the Float to the Holy Sepulchre, The e4pattia was shaped like a sarcophagus, and painted in imitation or verde antic!) by a young artist of the town, after a specimen of this precious marble to be seen in a cross at the Episcopal residence of Braganza. It was surrounded by forty vases or flowers, and a great number of lights. As to the procession, it were necessary to see it, in order to have an adequate idea of its beauty, . order, and solemnity. The canopy, carried, over the Bishop bearing the chalice, and his Deacons, was of ample nd most graceful proportions' the eleartguigs ornamented the arms of Leighlin, fourteen times repeated, alter ing with crosses, and was borne byenx Ecclesiastics in die '. pee, The small canopy . or umbrellica, used to lealile lealile vey. ..,ill: eat 'through narrow passages, exactly cor reopen Mii lipleors with the great one. A beautiful candle of lame streewas carried by a Cheplain, on the part of the Bishrei :After the publigaelog of an indulgence of rhipy, days to alipreseet. Vespene ger,e, recited, and the elentarlatien of the altars performed.. In the afternoon the t'.,Iptgiy, ,loorembled for Complin, as they had done in the

fair the small hours of Prime Tame,. and Sen.

. Ting the prOCeesion from the got sepulchre NM 811760_60d regular as that of thepomeding

day, . i

more, n, .consequence of the diitapearanee of , litatai Veatire, the fiiiihep, , Celebrant, a, . and Sub-Deacon' . ri1obe inieng clothed in brieli,:" the two latio4 wenFing „pimaulalpa .foldad in front. The effect or 1),e „processiotio, ,jae, , well as I he appearance of the choir, sirroyaded. by, Mrches , end , lieifooras very touching. Olo torday tha new,dre anki the liable of incense were Messed in the antrist.y,, NI his L ip assisted in cappa ; and the 30741,f` ?casconium," or an iouncement of the Pasehal s utility, WWI

chanted iq.e, nner fairly eels/elated to e elpe grace

.an this fine compeeitiep. The{ , . of the ttains cract Cervus" (" Ati the Ithripanteth s foci ") during the,p0e,m4on to thia:bliptisroal O lf4.as of the Liteafea:of the saints on its ratans,.

■ Whrio a hag features in the sacred functions. ' . 'the altar land the Mialotore were now no honer clothed In violet,, the purple covering w a renal* Imin the bench of the officiating Clergy and the credence, the carpet was replaced on the redell and the Mass of the Night

kd of the liesurreet n oho .. moi$';lteerful Mass of the

TOO) nes celelipt in ' Hai Mites of white. After the

lierettation of the' "Gloria in exceleis !See the long violet 'tains gently gilded down , the, painted windows, the, ;Oar-earring tones of the organ were again heard. the altan iid sanctuary bells rang, mud "Sainte Peter and ?ant" of the tower peeled forth; tiospr majeatic tones. At this Mass the beanteously.decoratadeitiblem Of the Adorable Trinity blued, and aloo the ' paFho candle, ornamented with a t, *Tele, in whielt_ifere ,endied.Thie grains of incense' e Into the ehePle, 0 400r,nVted ft StIrlytatre' " Annuncio Obis,gaudium magnum quoo eat Alleleia"--(" 'announce you great joy, which is Alleluja")—mt irell.aB the arms f Leighlin—namely, two erosion; and aniitre., On Easter nday Pontifical Mitea, Vespers. and, Benediction, on ich hentiplpoit newly-constructed grads i admitted fan unmoral number of lights and vases of flowers, gave a fitting termination to the dignified and edifying solemInitieti, of the week.

• It is hardly necessary to add that appropriate sermons Were preached on each day.

CHARITABLE WM1E1(1E/in OF EARL DUNRAVEN.

(Prom our Correspondent.)

On last week the Christian Brothers and the Sisters of Charity tkok possession of the new and beautiful estabilebrolnits provided for them at Ada* by the princely manificence of the Earl of Dunreven. The monastery and nunnery, with schoole for six hundred Children, are fitted up in a style of elegance and architectural beauty worthy the Aeltivated taste and pious libentlitY' of their noble patron, Who has also restored at his own expense the splendid Catholic church, which, for accommodation and elegance of design, ranks among the first of sacred edifices in Ireland.

The church has been rebuilt., With the exception of the !tower, from plans supplied by Mr. Hardwick, of Louden; who has made a very successful effort to restore this veneiable edifice to its ancient splendour.

' This church was founded by the EartorKildare in 1230 Par the Order of the Holy Trinity for the Redemption' Of Christian Captives. It shared the fate of others in the reigns of Henry and Elizabeth ; but, even in ruins, its dismantled aisles, Modest chancel, and lofty, massive tower, of delicate and stately proportions, attested the high and holy civilisation of ancient times. It was given in exchange by the late Lord Dunraven for the old chapel and ,ground, and the pious and generous parishioners were gradually restoriog the dilapidated ruins of this ancient' Monataelit'of their religion for the Celebratiou of the Divine Mytiteries; when the present noble earl, on his emotion to the tile and eatates, undertook the work, thus consecrating the first fruits of his inheritance to education, to religion, and to God in lasting and useful monuments which, from generation to generation, must claim and secure for him the gratitude and prayerful recollection of the people of dare. The church consisM of nave, chancel, choir, crowned with the old hut perfect tower, porch, Lady Chap 1, and sacristy. The choir opens into the nave; chancel, and Lady Clhapel by Gothic arches of cut limestone. All the gables, have cut stone buttresses, and terminate with floriated crosses:: The rod is highly pitched, open and real; its timbers pinned, and eiMply chatnfred, thus decorating the maenad etanttruction, and not concealing

It by a plaste 6 deorwit windows,

niches, are of cot 0044 sird design's. a altars and steps, foot, pulpit, pitteineas, c„ are all of Polished' and chiselled marbles of diPerent-hues found in the inj bourhood. The front of the altar in the Lady Chape has elegently-executed mrvirige ;Spree-hang the Almondstics, Ask:motion, and visit to St. Elizabeth. The church is lighted br , windows of diversified design's, some of two lights, sea others of more lancet lights with ornamental tracery. The window in the Lady Chapel is much admired ; it consists of three lights, divided by mullions with foliated geometrical% tracery in the head ; all the windows are made of limestone, and furnish an interesting specimen of the skill and , genius of the tradesmen of Adore. The chancel windoW, Is filled with stained glass by Hardman of Birminghani, ' and erected by the parishioners as a record of their thanks to lord Dunraven.

The subject is "the Adoration by the Mee," with the In'scription—" In honour of God and to commemorate the. pious munificence of Edwin, third Earl of Dunraven, who has restored this church and built schools for the Chiistion education of six hundred Chierea, this east window Is erected an a memorial by the parishioners of Adare." The noble earl is at present ornamenting the church; the 9eilIngs of the chancel and Lady Chanel will be highly

decorated ; a beautiful statue of the Virgin, ma aporphyry

pedestal is within the sanctuary rills, and 'of& the enclomire in the Lady Chapel, where the good SisteWer Charity hear Mims, are pieced' the crucifix with the 11frgin and St. joha at , either side—the three &rung tO,Mrge size and etega execution; candleat1et4 ourtalNeraidfixes,„ It IT1 IT1 ntbe es ; from designe `by the la nreni.ed l'o hAve e n supplied by his Loll/Alp, WInreekiI0t leng be remembered by the People of Aden. 4'

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