The cat i out of the bag—or should we say it is the tidiculus mus which has escaped ? The " leader " of the army of "revolting priests" of whose doings we have learned so much from the Rev. Arthur Galton turns out to be only the suspended priest at Ealing—the Rev. R. O'Halloran. Nothing more need be said. This gentleman, in a letter we quote elsewhere, quaintly describes himself as "Subsidiary Bishop-Elect." He must sometimes wonder at his own moderation. If, for instance, he had liked to call himself "Subsidiary Grand Lama-Elect" no one could have prevented him. At any rate, we have now got the right measure of the Fortnightly article. The London correspondent of The Manchester Guardian tells his readers that it is understood that the Rev. A. Galton is a Aroteg,e of Lady Wimborne. Well—if he is as credulous in the ordinary affairs of life as he has shown himself in his revelations about the 150 "revolting priests," it may be desirable that someone should take an interest in him. And yet, when one thinks of it, these eminent ecclesiastics are so often the victims of very topsy-turvy stories. It would not in the least surprise us to learn that The Manchester Guardian had got hold of the wrong end of the stick, and that the Rev. A. Galton, instead cf being Lady Wimborne's profe, was really her Father Confessor. But in taking leave of Mr. Galton, we cannot help putting one question to the Bishop of Ripon—Was it quite fair to let his domestic chaplain frighten us all in this way ?
A contemporary points to the English pilgrimage to Lourdes as evidence that the ages of faith have not passed away. Conducted by the Bishop of Southwark, and organised by the Catholic Association, of which the Earl of Denbigh is President, it numbers some zoo individuals from the United Kingdom and America, many engaged in the pilgrimage as a work of piety, and many others in search of healing at the wonder-working shrine. These include a helpless cripple from Dublin, several cases of partial paralysis, total deafness, affections of the eyes, and other infirmities. A beautifully embroidered banner will be offered on behalf of Cardiaal Vaughan, and, in blessing it, the Bishop of Southwark requested special prayers for his Eminence, whose health and strength are of such importance to the welfare of the Church in England. One of the intending pilgrims, interviewed by a representative of The Daily Telegraph, expressed a confident hope that such miraculous cures as he had himself witnessed on previous visits would be wrought on the present occasion. He pointed out that the authenticity of the cures cannot be disputed without disregarding the accumulated scientific evidence certified by doctors of all creeds, after minute investigation. The Medical History of Lourdes by Dr. Boissarie contains a record of some of the most striking cases, with a detailed account of the methods of inquiry pursued. The English pilgrimage will be accompanied by several doctors, among others by Dr. Ambrose, M.P., so that a scientific record of its experiences will not be wanting. The journalist concludes by quoting, in a sympathetic spirit, the wonderful story of the apparitions of Lourdes, as published by the Catholic Association, and already familiar to Catholic readers.
We publish in another column the results of the Certificate Examination of the Oxford and Cambridge Joint Board. As this examination is taken by most of the large public schools, great importance is justly attached to the results. The examination is one of considerable difficulty, as may be judged from the fact that not more than 64 per cent. of the Higher, and only 53 per cent. of the Lower candidates are successful. Our passes are slightly more numerous this year than last, Manresa House, Roehampton, leading the way. There is also a fair number of distinctions in different subjects, though we notice with regret the absence of any Catholic names from the list of distinctions
in Latin or Greek. The Lower Certificate examination is taken by rather fewer of our colleges. St. Edmund's, with 19 certificates and 33 first classes, does best. Stonyhurst and Beaumont likewise do fairly well.
Amusement, tinged with a little melancholy, says The Freeman's journal, is always to be had from the study of the report of the President of the Cork Queen's College. The College, except as a medical school, is a huge failure ; some would add, uncharitably, a huge fraud. But the President is bound to put the best face on things. A small increase in the number of medical students last year has put Sir Roland Blennerhassett into an optimistic frame of mind. But the Arts School is still in a woeful condition of suspended animation. There were only 34 students in the Arts School last year, ten of whom belonged to the religion for whose special benefit the College was alleged to have been established. There were 25 scholarships and one exhibition scattered over the 34 students, Nine of the ten Catholics were rewarded by scholarships for their devotion to "the mixed principle." Not a single Wesleyan of the six attending escaped being mule a " scholar " in the pecuniary significat;on of the word. Scholarship in any other sense was conspicuous by its absence, for the twenty-five financial scholars of Coik did not secure a single honour in a single subject at the Arts Examination of the Royal University.
Our contemporary goes on to state that the lecturer on the Irish language "could get nobody to listen to him in the Queen's College." In this connection it may be mentioned that The Freeman now prints one of the 8o columns with which it presents its readers daily in Irish. This might easily be mistaken for a sign of popular interest in the study of Celtic. It is considerably discounted, however, by the fact that The Freeman judiciously prints an English translation in an adjoining column.
Northwood House, Isle of Wight, says The World, at which the King recently paid a visit of an hour's duration to the French Bendictine nuns, has been for upwards of a century the seat of the Ward family, lords of the manor of Cowes. It was built towards the end of the eighteenth century by Mr. George Ward (popularly known as " King " Ward), the elder brother of Robert Plumes Ward, author of the once famous Tremaine, whose early political career is described by Lord Stanhope in his Life of Pitt. Northwood was considerably enlarged in 1830, and passed in 1849, at the of an uncle, into the possession of " Ideal " Ward, of Oxford Movement celebrity, whose theological pre-occupations and distaste for the life of a landowner have been described by Mr. Wilfrid Ward in the Life of his father. NorthwoodHouse had been with brief exceptions uninhabited for half a century when the French Benedictinesses entered it in the present year. Ambrose de Lisle writes of it in one of his letters as "a very fine house, quite an Italian palazzo on a large scale," the drawing-room being one of the handsomest rooms he ever saw, and splendidly gilt and decorated. The grounds are magnificently laid out with the choicest evergreens, and have several good specimens of cork trees.
The controversy as to whether leprosy is exclusively due to the consumption of imperfectly preserved fish is continued in the columns of The Times by Dr. Hutchinson, who produces evidence intended to refute the contention of Mr.. Grogan that he had found the disease during his African travels in places where fish is not used as food. That it is so used in the places mentioned, and in the semiputrid state in which it is asserted to be the originating cause of the disease, is abundantly evident from the letter now quoted from Mr. Sharpe, Commissioner and ConsulGeneral for British Central Africa, enclosing one from Mr. McDonald, collector for the Chiromo district, the place immediately in question. Dr. Hutchinson declares that the evidence for the contrary view always breaks down on
nvestigation, and asserts his belief as the result of con tinued and extensive inquiry, that there is no place in the world where leprosy pre veils in which salted, dried, or otherwise preserved fish is not an article of diet. He further expresses his conviction that the ratio of the prevalence of leprosy is always proportional to the amount of such fish consumed, and the condition in which it is eaten. While the danger is reduced to a minimum, or altogether disappears, if the fish be properly preserved either by drying or salting, it is intensified when it is used in a decomposed or semi-decomposed condition. He points out at the same time that the connection between cause and efiect may not be so easily traceable as might at first sight appear, since the long period of incubation of the disease allows those infected with it to travel to great distances from the place where it was contracted before it develops. Thus in order to disprove the theory advocated, the previous place of residence of every leper whose case does not seem to conform to the conditions laid down must be ascertained. It would be interesting to learn if dried or preserved fish enters to any extent into the food consumed in portions of South America, such as Colombia and Ecuador, where the disease is, unfortunately, spreading with alarming rapidity. It is a very curious coincidence that pagan superstition directly connected leprosy with the eating of fish, representing it as due to the vengeance of Venus for the destruction of one of her emblems, especially those in ponds or lakes dedicated to her. The prohibition would thus appear to have been a hygienic taboo, originating in hot climates.
A pleasing testimony from a French ecclesiastic to the real and effective liberty enjoyed under the British flag occurs in a recent work of considerable literary value
Inde Tanzoule, by Pere Suau, S.J. (Paris, Oudin), from which the following may be quoted : "Although he feels no necessity to display on his monuments the name of Liberty, the Englishman has an inborn sense for it. He wishes to have it and he respects it. In his eyes the State must help the individual, but not replace, much less supplant it. In India, just as in England, anyone can open a college. The State only imposes certain conditions upon schools that wish to be aided by the State, or prepare for aighentexaminations." Pere Suau sketches the chief features Df the Indian educational system, the constitution of high schools, university colleges, the nomination, duties and powers of the Senate, the way of appointing examiners, among whom, as he points out, there are every year some Fathers of the local Jesuit College. "One understands how much there is in this system of loyalty and liberty. French Jesuits, professors in an English Colony, appreciate so much the more this way of proceeding as they have a recollection of the meddling busybodies whose victims they are elsewhere, and of the secret (now open) war that is carried on in France to-day against the liberty of teaching."
The Indian Catholic papers to hand by the last mail are full of accounts of the enthusiastic loyalty with which the actual Coronation day of King Edward VII. was celebrated by the Catholic clergy and their flocks in every part of India and Ceylon. Solemn services of thanksgiving with Te Deum were celebrated in the cathedrals of the various archdioceses and dioceses, as well as in the other churches, North and South ; and with equal loyalty by the Goanese Catholics of Bombay and Karachi, and the native students of the Papal Theological Seminary at Kandy. The Goan community in Bombay, representing all the-Goan centres in the British Empire, held a special service in their National Church of Dabool in the evening. At the entrance of the Burrow's-lane, which leads to the church, was erected an arch, richly painted, and surmounted by a large portrait of his Majesty. The lane was adorned with flags, and the church and its surroundings were brilliantly illuminated. There was a large attendance, the church being filled to overflowing. Viscount de Wrern, the Consul-General for Portugal, was present. The Bishop of Darnaun (a Portuguese prelate) officiated. The Te Deunz was chanted by a large number of priests. The Imperial band, which was in
• attendance, played select pieces before and after the service. The proceedings were brought to a close by the band striking up the new Coronation March. The Consul. General dispatched to H. E. the Viceroy a message of loyalty. A dinner was given to the poor of the community in their asylum at Cavel.
The Soleil of Paris is able to tell of a French Prefect, who, instead of preventing or interfering with a religious pilgrimage, congratulated the pilgrims and gave them assurances of the good will and hearty co-operation of the Government of the Republic. "All this has happened in Algeria. Of course it is not a case of Catholic pilgrims going to visit the Holy Places, but of Moslems embarking for Mecca. The Prefect, M. Rostaing, specially dwelt upon the magnanimity of the French Government whicl? had seen to the comfortable equipment of the ship and the speed of the voyage, and added : On the mainmast of your ship flies the trieolore ; in its shadow you may fly your green flag. The two united will protect your faith It is, of course, quite right that the Government should put no obstacles in the way of the demonstrations of Islam, but surely it is going rather far to subvention them at our expense. Lucky Mecca pilgrims ! . . . The Government, for the protection of the Republic, attaches more value to the Sepulchre of Mohammed than to the Sepulchre of Christ."
The Thirteenth International Congress of Orientalists opened this week at Hamburg and will continue till next Wednesday. We notice that Canon Forget, Professor of Arabic at the University of Louvain, is one of the four delegates of the Belgiau Government ; and that Abbe Batiffol will represent the University of Toulouse, of which he is Rector, and the Rev. Professor Sedlacek, the Czech University of Prague. Other Catholic Orientalists of note who have announced their intention of taking part in the Congress or presenting papers are Father V. Schell, 0.P., the great Assyriologist, of Paris ; the Rev. Professor Edmund Hardy, of Freiburg ; Mgr. Lamy, of Louvain (with a paper on "The Syrian Poet Simeon Gougaia "); Father Dahlmann, S.J., the distinguished Sanskritist, of Luxemburg ; and Professor Hubert Grimrne, of the Catholic University of Fribourg (with a paper on "A Fundamental Problem of Semitic Grammar "). Dr. Casartelli, of St. Bede's College, who had been selected as delegate of both the University of Louvain and the Manchester Geographical Society, found himself at the last moment unable to leave for Hamburg, but has forwarded his promised paper (" The Literary Activity of the Parsis in Avestic and Pehlevi Studies during the past ten years ") to be read in his absence. The wellknown Jesuit College of St. Ignatius at Valkenburg (Holland> is also one of the learned institutions adhering to the Congress, which promises to be a very successful one.