CHRONICLE OF THE WEEK
THE day after Christmas Day Lord Wolseley issued a general order directing all the troops to hold themselves in readiness to proceed
up the river at once. The infantry were to move first and the cavalry and camel corps were to follow. The first battalion of the South Staffordshire started on Sunday in fifty boats, played out of Korti by the band of the Royal Sussex Regiment on the bank. They take with them only thirty days' provisions, the rest being left in store at Korti, which is to be the base of operations. The steam pinnace of H.M.S. Monarch has been up to Merawi to explore the river, which it reports fairly navigable, though low in parts, and its appearance there created a great sensation, so that the local governor was very anxious that it should proceed a little farther up the river, to frighten the hostile tribes. These are supposed to be stationed about twenty-five miles above Merawi, as the Mudir of Dongola's tax-gatherers are unable to penetrate beyond that point. The Mudir himself is believed to be encamped about ten miles north-west of Khartoum, and a telegram, dated the 26th, has been received at Cairo from the Mudir of Dongola, stating that a native of Khartoum has arrived at Dongola, having taken a fortnight to accomplish the journey. He stopped at Omdurman by order of General Gordon for four days, in order to gather information regarding the Mandi's position, and to bring it to Dongola. He reports that the Mandi and his followers are suffering severely from famine, and that the dead bodies of several of their number are to be seen unburied in the surrounding country. He also states that the Mandi's followers are greatly discouraged by the repeated attacks of the Egyptian troops, and that many have dispersed on the news of the approach of the British. A large number of the Mandi's regulars had entered Khartoum, and submitted to General Gordon. The 19th Hussars started up the Nile by the west bank on Monday, and the camel corps marched the next day. The whole of the expedi-tion is expected to be, by the middle of January, at Korti, where a large depot has been formed with abundant rations for the whole force. The vanguard, now advancing, NEW SERIES, VOL. XXXIII,C1 No'. 84o.
numbers 2,40o men—goo infantry and I,5oo of the Mounted Brigade, with six screw guns ; and the means of transport are camels, 1,800 ; horses, 400 ; steamers, two ; pinnaces, two ; and whalers, sixty-four. It is stated that the Black Watch is expected to win Lord Wolseley's prize of Zr oo for the most rapid and safe transit from Sarras to Debbeh.
The'correspondents have found out that Lord Wolseley, though he has sent a regiment up the river from Korti, has done it only as a feint, and that he is going to make a push across the desert after all, thus saving the enormous bend which the Nile makes. The attempt is actually being made, and if, as we sincerely hope, it proves practicable, and the troops are successfully pushed across i8o miles of desert from Korti to Shendy, everybody will immediately be asking why they could not have been taken from Suakim to Berber, three-fourths of the time and three-fourths of the cost of the expedition being thus saved. General Stephen-son, the second in command, has gone to Suakim, with what purpose is not known, unless it be to prepare for the return of the expedition by that route, and General Earle is to collect the infantry brigade At Handab, thirty-five miles above Merawi, and beyond the Fourth Cataract, from which point he will proceed to punish the Monassir tribe, who were concerned in the murder of Colonel Stewart. He will then push on to Abu. Hamed, and open the desert road between that place and Korosko, whence stores will be forwarded. The Mounted Infantry and the Guards Camel Corps, leaving a detachment of the latter to guard the stores, left Korti on Tuesday, under Brigadier-General Sir Herbert Stewart, for Gakdul, ninety miles off, or half-way, by the desert road, to Shendy, with a large convoy of camels laden with stores for Gakdul. When the camels have been unloaded, the Mounted Infantry will bring them back to Korti, and then the headquarters, the rest of the Camel Corps, the Artillery, and the T 9th Hussars, will move forward, by Gakdul and Shendy, to Khartoum.
The Porte is credited with a desire to get ENGLAND AND England to undertake to withdraw from EGYPT. Egypt within eight months, with a view to the establishment there of the more direct authority of the Sultan, and the substitution of Halim Pasha for his nephew, the present Khedive. This would indeed be to stultify everybody, and to reverse all that has been done for the last half century at Constantinople as well as at Cairo, at Paris as well as at London. There is, of course, no chance of such proposals being listened to for a moment. But the Egyptian imbroglio is such that there is for us no way out of it save by resolute action. The Powers have evidently made up their minds not to give any answer to the English financial proposals. They are waiting for France—the principal representative of the bondholders, and therefore the Power most interested—to speak. And France will not admit the necessity of any reduction of the interest, however slight ; nor will she abandon this chance of regaining, with the help of the other Powers, her former control over Egypt. But there are difficulties for everybody, though those difficulties do not pinch others as ours do us. The Powers, for instance, cannot very well produce their scheme for ousting ,us from Egypt while we are actually engaged in military operations in that country. But when we have " smashed the Mandi " and delivered General Gordon, we are likely soon to hear something about the
" internationalisation " of the finances of Egypt. Mean-while, the Powers maintain a somewhat uncivil silence, and French bondholders—feeling perfectly safe against our doing anything of the kind—ask why we did not act as they did in Tunis. Why indeed ?
Not long ago Lord Derby pooh-poohed the GERMANY fears of the Australians that some European and might even create penal settlements there, and the Colonial Office, in consenting to a protectorate over part of the island, was careful to limit it to the eastern portion of the South Coast. But no sooner had England thus carefully limited her claims, than Germany stepped in and actually took possession of the Northern Coast, with the avowed object which excited such apprehensions. Conse-quently we cannot be very much surprised that Victoria, Tasmania, and Queensland should have resolved to unite in a protest against the German annexations, though New South Wales and South Australia have perhaps adopted a more prudent course by declining to join in it. But the real culprit is the English Government, whose horror of self-assertion both here and in Africa, has convinced the world that England may be insulted with impunity. That, even, according to the Whig Observer, is the great lesson which the present Government has taught the nations. Ministers have not learnt much from Prince Bismarck's famous principle that a Power which refuses to grow is a Power which is beginning to deeay. It is to be hoped that they will learn something from his practical applica-tion of it.
The Natal Government has hoisted the British flag at St. Lucia Bay, on the coast of Zululand, which was ceded to England by King Panda, about forty years ago. Sir H. Bulwer has applied for the retrospective sanction of the Imperial Government, a sanction which, it is to be hoped will not be refused, as it was in the case of New Guinea. The Colonial Office must surely have learnt a lesson by this time, and the act of the Government of Natal was not done an hour too soon, for we learn that a certain Herr Einwald, acting for Herr Liideritz has entered into a con-tract with some native chiefs for the purchase of the district, and the Weser Zeitung of Tuesday states that the instrument, dated November last, has been actually received by Herr Liideritz. And putting St. Lucia Bay out of the question, there are also rumours of annexations by Germany in Amatongaland, north of Zululand, whereby a continuous chain of German and Dutch possessions will be formed across the Continent, and British extension north of the Cape Colony and Natal effectually prevented.
It appears that the presence of the French in Tonquin has not brought about any reparation for the persecution inflicted on the Christians by the Annamites. The Missions Catholiques publishes a letter from the Vicar Apostolic of Western Tonquin, Mgr. Puginier, complaining that, although more than ten months have elapsed since the Christians of the province of Than Hoa were massacred and their dwellings pillaged, no repressive measures have been taken, and, notwithstanding the promises of the Court of Hue, the victims of those outrages who survived have received no satisfaction or reparation for their losses and injuries. The Bishop adds that this state of things has emboldened the Mandarins by making them believe that France has abandoned the Christians to their fate.
A letter from Hanoi published in the Temps, explains the Annamite breach of promise by stating that the Regents of the kingdom at Hue are most bitterly hostile to France, and that Tuong has just had the last two princes of the family of Hief Hoa decapitated. They were actually seeking to obtain the protection of the French Resident when they were betrayed into the hands of Tuong.
From the same place, Hanoi, the Times correspondent reports that he is the only newspaper correspondent in Tonquin, and that he is treated with overwhelming civility by the French authorities, General Brire de l'Isle promising him that when engagements of importance were expected, he would arrange for him to accompany the force. The French are awaiting reinforcements, and the correspondent at Hong Kong says that 15,000 are required in Tonquin, and ro,000 in Formosa. Meanwhile complete inaction prevails in both places, and the blockade of Formosa is said to be quite ineffectual, its only result being that the trade with the mainland has passed out of the hands of the English into those of the Chinese. China is employing this breathing time to drill her army and improve her defences, and is growing stronger, instead of falling to pieces, as it was prophesied that she would. And her own sense of this is evidenced by the bold and unconciliatory character of the counter-proposals she has made. Li Hung Chang has thrown himself heart and soul into the war, and the spirit prevailing at Pekin becomes less pacific every day. But Ma Kien Chang, who is accused of treachery in connection with the Tientsin Treaty, and threatened with death, is protected by Li Hung Chang, whose secretary or assistant he is. It seems that Ma Kien Chang has fallen under suspicion because he is a convert of the French missionaries, and thewar party allege that he is under their influence and has friends in Paris, and that, therefore, he must be a French agent. The fact that since his conversion he studied in Paris, and was sufficiently well known in Western Europe to be spoken of for the post of Ambassador to London and Paris, quite accounts for the charge being made by fanatical partisans of Chinese exclusiveness, but it is to be hoped that Li Hung Chang will prove strong enough to protect his Christian friend.
The French Republicans seem to be rather A unnecessarily alarmed. Somebody has been REPUBLICSCARE.AN writing a pamphlet about the life of the Comte de Paris and his family at Eu, and engravings have been seen representing the Prince creating a model farm, and his brother the Duc de Chartres visiting the cholera patients at Marseilles and Toulon, and incon-tinently a cry is raised that the Republic is in danger. The Republique Francaise calls on the Government to put an immediate stop to "the conspiracy," and says the remedy is easy, and perfectly well known—that is, we suppose, the expulsion of the Royal family from France. And a M. Bigot, in the XIX Sieele insists that the Comte de Paris is bound openly to express disapproval of " the propaganda," for " not to express disapproval is to declare that he approves it." " Either a citizen like everybody else in France, or, like the Comte de Chambord, a pretender outside France"—the time has come, says the XIX Sieele, for the Comte de Paris to choose which he will be.
A proposal to levy a tax of 3 per cent. on the property and income of the Religious Congregations was before the French Senate on Saturday. M. Buffet, in an eloquent speech, denounced the iniquity of taxing, for instance, the supposed revenue of the Little Sisters of the Poor, who possess nothing but what comes from public charity and passes immediately into the hands of the necessitous. " If you accept this money," he said, " it will be a stain on the public treasury." This made the Left very angry, but it did not convince them. M. Tirard tried to throw discredit on the Religious Congregations by saying that there were many lay societies who did good with much less ostentation, and the Senate voted the tax by 167 votes against 102.
While this was going on in the Senate, a Republican Deputy in the Chamber was mak-ing an attack upon the clergy which was prompted by the same fears. M. Denayrouze denounced the campaign which was being carried on in the pulpits and confessionals, but he was unable to adduce any fact in support of his charge, except a letter in the Revue AND THE Power would establish itself in New Guinea,
ST. LUCIA BAY.
THE RECENT PERSECUTION IN TONQUIN.
FRANCE AND CHINA.
TAX ON RELIGIOUS CONGREGATIONS.
THE FRENCH CLERGY AND POLITICS.
Religieuse of Rodez, in which Catholics were said to be bound in conscience to vote " for men devoted to the inseparable interests of religion and society." This M. Denayrouze, with a certain naïveté, declared to be equivalent to saying that it was a duty of conscience to vote for Conservatives. And the letter having been written by a Vicar-General of the Bishop of Rodez, the Abbe Truel, M. Denayrouze summoned the Government to take action against him. M. Martin-Feuillee, the Minister of Public Worship, was quite willing, and immediately announced that he had suppressed the Abbe 'Fruel's stipend, and had asked the Bishop of Rodez to dismiss him from the Vicar-Generalship. The Minister of Public Worship argued that because the clergy are paid by the State, they are bound to observe " a strict neutrality " at elections ; but the Prefect and Sub-Prefect are also paid functionaries, and the Monde remarks, with some apropos, that it has not heard that the pay of these gentlemen has been sup-pressed because they gave such a zealous partizan support to M. Denayrouze.
So far as these alarms refer to local elec- MONARCHY tioneering contests they are of course intelligi-IN FRANCE. ble, but so far as they point to a serious Monarchical reaction in France, we believe them to be the merest moonshine. We wish it were not so. Believing as we do that, with proper checks, the Monarchical form of government is the best, we should be very glad to see it restored in France. But it is the French people alone who are immediately concerned in the question, and they, it appears to us, show no symptom whatever of sharing our opinion—an opinion which, as applied to them-selves, they might even think that a foreigner had no right to formulate. But as far as the superficial judgment of an outsider is worth anything, we should be inclined to say, if asked, that Monarchy in France was dead at the roots, and that all this fuss about " an Orleanist propaganda " was a hunt after a mare's nest. Even the Royalists, we suspect, have an uneasy consciousness that if the truncated stump of Monarchy were to put forth a new shoot, it would not have a very long or vigorous life. That nothing is durable in France but the provisional is not a very new saying, but it is not the less true. So we think that the Republicans may lie easy in their beds, without feeling it necessary to worry and bait the unfortunate Royalists.
The duty of Catholics at the elections, too much neglected hitherto in France, has been recently insisted on by M. Keller, the well-known Alsatian deputy, in the columns of the Monde. It is not enough, he says, that Catholics should be united on points of doctrine in their obedience to the teaching of the Holy See ; they must be united in action, and prepare with intelligence and discipline for the elections of 1885. Above all, no abstention ! Abstention is a crime, both for the elector who on futile pretexts neglects to vote, and for the possible candidate, possessed of legitimate in-fluence, who prefers a cowardly repose to the labours and annoyances of a contest. It is a question of life and death for France, and in times of great peril Catholics should be found at the polls, as on the field of battle, the most active, the most courageous, and the most patriotic of citizens. Everywhere they should form groups around their leaders, and endeavour to come to an understanding with the different politicians, so as to combine the defence of reli-gious interests with that of the great interests of the country. It would be as childish as it would be fatal to fall into the snares of the enemies who find it convenient to fight the elections on a cry against clericalism. " Clericalism," asks M. Keller, " what can it mean but the employment of the power of the Government in the service of religious tyranny ? and what else does the Masonic sect do when it places at the service of Positivism and Godless education a budget of zoo millions, and an army of roo,000 teachers ? " In his reply to the Christmas address of THE the Sacred College, Leo XIII. spoke of the AFFLICTIONS OF THE HOLY SEE. See of Rome Position created for the Holy by the usurping civil power as " intolerable," and enumerated some of the offences which the Papacy has had to put up with during the past year. Among these were the attacks of the Italian press, even of its more moderate organs, who, when the Pope with royal generosity devoted a million lire to the foundation, if it should prove necessary, of a cholera hospital in Rome, would not even leave him the liberty of charity, but broke out into violent protests and recriminations. Another evil which into executiqn, we learn that a Father Crescentius has been condemned under them for having preached in the province of Posen, and a vicar of that diocese, Herr Nowak, has been sentenced by the Eccle-siastical Court of Berlin for having asked permission of the Cardinal Archbishop of Posen to apply certain eccle- siastical funds to the repairs of a presbytery. In Russia also a Polish priest of the name of Frankowski has been transported for some offence against the ecclesiastical regulations of the Government.
The Church in Germany has sustained a serious loss this week in the death of 'the Bishop of Limburg, which took place on St. Stephen's Day. Mgr. Peter Joseph Blum was the senior in point of age of the German Episcopate, having been born in 18o8 in the neighbourhood of Fulda. He was raised in 1842 to the see of Limburg in the Duchy of Nassau, but, after the war with Austria, Prussia took posses-sion of that Duchy, and the Bishop of Limburg soon came under the operation of the Falk Laws. He suffered im-prisonment for some time for his fidelity to the laws of the Church, and, subsequently, a long exile, which was only terminated about a year ago, when Mgr. Blum and two other Bishops were allowed to return to their dioceses.
Her Majesty has given her conditional consent to the marriage of Princess Beatrice to Prince Henry of Battenberg. The condition is that the married pair shall reside in England after their marriage, and in close proximity to her Majesty. This stipulation can cause no surprise when it is remembered that the Princess is not only the only child of the Queen remaining at home, but has been for long her Majesty's inseparable and indis-pensable companion—so much so that it was a subject of speculation whether her Royal Highness would ever marry at all. The Royal consent will shortly be signified to the Privy Council, and it is announced that the Princess's future home will be with her Majesty as heretofore. Princess Beatrice Mary Victoria Feodora is the youngest child of the Queen, having been born on the 14th of April, 1857. Her future husband, Prince Henry Maurice of Battenberg, is a little more than a year younger, having been born on the 5th of October, 1858. He is the third son of Prince Alexander of Hesse, the Grand Duke's uncle, and of the Princess of Battenberg, his eldest brother being Prince Louis, an officer in the British Navy, who recently married Princess Victoria of Hesse, eldest daughter of Princess Alice and the Queen's granddaughter, and his second brother being Prince Alexander of Bulgaria, Prince Henry FRENCH CATHOLICS
AND THE ELECTIONS.
his Holiness denounces is the impending introduc-tion of a Divorce Bill, by which the sanctity of the marriage tie and the stability of families is threatened. And not the least of these evils is the multiplication of sectarian temples in Rome itself, and the vigorous pro-paganda of false doctrine. In connection with which we observe that the Society editrice di publicazioni lopolari has just sent its annual circular to all the teachers of public elementary schools, offering them, free of postage, 300 or 500 of the pamphlets which are circulated by the Pro-testant agencies, which, at the price of the post-card asking for them, they can thus obtain for distribution among their pupils. Thus the work of un-Christianising the new generation is being carried on in Italy, as in France.
The Catholic members of the Dutch Chamber, who have hitherto been split up into divers groups, have resolved to form themselves into a compact party, after the model of the Centre party in Germany, and acting in harmony with the Right, or Conservative party, they will constitute a majority of the Lower House.
The projected foundation of a Catholic University at Salzburg meets with some opposition from those who wonld prefer to see a re-organisation on Christian lines of the existing Universities. But, as the Vaterland observes, the one idea does not exclude the other, and the Salzburg project is not likely to be dropped. Among the enemies of the Church in Germany it excites great hostility, and the Kolnische Zeitung goes so far as to call upon the Prussian Government to refuse all employment to persons educated in the new University.
The era of persecutions is not yet closed, PERSECUTIONS it seems, notwithstanding all that has been AND
said about the Falk Laws not being put
A CATHOLIC UNIVERSITY FOR GERMANY.
THE NETHERLANDS CATHOLICS.
DEATH OF THE BISHOP OF LIMBURG.
BETROTHAL OF PRINCESS BEATRICE.
of Battenberg is at present a Lieutenant in the 1st Regiment of Prussian Body Guards.
Mr. Leonard Courtney is sanguine enough to think that, though the applica-tion of proportional representation for Wales is at present a practical impossi-bility, the rapid progress of political education 'will bring even this within the range of practical politics. Meanwhile, the experiment at Manchester has proved what utter chance governs the whole process of the " transferable vote." When the voting papers were shuffled, the result as regards the occupancy of the fifth seat, was totally different. And as the voting papers which show the same name marked x, have by no means always the same number 2, it is obvious that it entirely depends upon which voting papers are used to make up number is quantum of votes, which candidate marked 2 is to have the benefit of his surplus votes. And thus a candidate marked 2 who has only 2,000 odd votes may be returned over the head of another marked 2 who has 8,000. The system is not only com-plicated, but absurd. The cumulative vote does at least what it professes to do ; the transferable vote does not.
Major Tulloch held an inquiry on Tuesday as to the division of Gloucestershire. The five divisions which the Commissioners pro-pose are Stow, Stroud, Tewkesbury, Dean Forest, and Sodbury. Mr. Pelham also sat at Winchester to settle the proposals for Hampshire. The divisions pro-posed are Aldershot, Andover, Lymington, Petersfield and Fareham. Several objections were started which it was promised should receive due consideration • but the scheme in its main outlines will be maintained. Hampshire loses four borough members—Andover, Lymington, and Peters-field, and one for Winchester. Portsmouth and Southampton retain their two members each, and Christchurch its single member. On the same day Mr. Henley held the inquiry for Herefordshire, which it is proposed to divide into the Leominster and Ross divisions. an arrangement which seems to give general satisfaction. On Wednesday Mr. Henley held at Shrewsbury the inquiry concerning the divisions of Shropshire. The scheme was that which we have already described, and it met with general approval. On the same day, at Monmouth, Major Tulloch held the inquiry for Monmouthshire. It is proposed to divide the county into the Abergavenny division, the Tredegar division, and the Chepstow division. The areas will be very unequal, for the population has to be equalised, and one corner of the county is very thickly, and the rest very scarcely, populated. The Abergavenny division will extend from Pontypool to Skenfrith inclusively ; the Tredegar division will contain Ebbw Vale and all the populous mining districts in that neighbourhood, and the Chepstow division will comprise all the rest of the county, including Newport, Usk, Raglan, Trellech, and Monmouth. The composite Parliamentary borough of Monmouth, Newport, and Usk, seems to remain intact. Mr. Pelham also held the inquiry for Wiltshire at Salisbury. It is proposed to divide the county as follows : Cricklade, Chippenham, Devizes, Westbury, and Wilton. Some fight was made for a division by the points of the compass, but it is obviously undesirable that a system of nomenclature should be adapted in one case which is inapplicable to all.
Sir Stafford Northcote has consented to stand at the next general election for the Barnstaple division of Devonshire. His present Liberal colleague in the representation of North Devon, Sir Thomas Acland, has intimated his intention not to stand again, and Lord Lymington is going to offer himself for the Southmolton division, in which the estates of his father, Lord Portsmouth, are situated. Lord John Manners has chosen the Melton division of Leicestershire, for which Mr. Johnson Fergusson, a Lancashire gentleman, will he the Liberal candidate. In the Loughborough division the Hon. Montagu Curzon, M.P. will stand against Mr: Hassey Packe (L). In the Ashby division Lord Newark (C) and Mr. James Ellis (L) will contest the seat, and in the Market Harborough division the present members for South Leicestershire, Mr. Albert Pell (C) and Mr. T. T. Paget (L) will stand against each other. In Dorset, Mr. Brymer, the present Conservative member for Dorchester, will con- test the Dorchester division with Mr. Edwards, the present Liberal member for Weymouth ; Mr. Farquharson (C) will offer himself for the Bridport division, and Mr. Guest (L) will stand for the Wareham and Poole division. Sir Rainald Knightley, M.P. (C), will stand for the Towcester division ; and Mr. Pickering Phipps, M.P. (C), for the Broxworth division of Northamptonshire. Mr. Boord and Baron Henry de Worms both profess their intention to stand for Greenwich, and, if they do, will probably lose the seat ; but the other Conservative candidatures in the old constituency of Greenwich are already allotted—Woolwich to Mr. Hughes, and Deptford to Mr. Evelyn, of Wotton. Mr. Courtney intends to offer himself for the division of Cornwall in which Liskeard is, and Mr. Gladstone has written to express his hope that the fact of Mr. Courtney's having left the Government will not influence the choice of the electors. The Conservatives of the Teignbridge division of Devonshire have obtained as a candidate Mr. Harris, the present member for Poole.
At about nine o'clock on the evening of EARTHQUAKE Christmas Day a distinct shock of earth- IN SPAIN. quake was felt in Madrid, interrupting the performance and frightening the audience at the Opera, but without doing any damage. In the south, however, it was a far more serious matter. It was calculated that in Andalusia as many as six hundred persons were killed. Granada has suffered much ; the Alhambra, fortu-nately, is not injured, but the facade of the cathedral is much damaged. The population remained camping out in the squares and public places in fear of fresh shocks, and there were several slighter shocks on Friday and Saturday. Some of the richer people were living in theircarriages, which they had stationed on the public promenade. At Malaga there was much destruction—seven distinct shocks were felt there, the first lasting fifteen minutes—and at Jaen, Cor-dova, and Seville the shock was very severe. The unique cathedral of Cordova was happily uninjured, but that of Seville, and especially the tower of the Giralda was some-what amaged. At Albuquerque half the houses are said to have been destroyed : half the inhabitants of the town of Albunuelas have ',been killed, and the town of Alhama has been almost entirely destroyed, more than three hundred bodies having been extracted from the ruins. In the northern and central provinces of Spain the earthquake was followed by a great fall of snow, deeper than any which has been seen since 1865. There have been religious proces-sions in the streets of Granada. At Malaga two chimneys of gasworks fell, and the walls of all the churches are cracked. At Beznan the church tower and several houses fell in. At Torrox the churches are in a ruinous condition. According to further intelligence, Santa Cruz and Alhama were completely destroyed, including a church at the latter place; and from nine other places great destruction of houses and considerable loss of life is reported. Although Gibraltar was within the zone of the earthquake, we do not hear of any shock having been felt there or in the imme-diate neighbourhood. Two fresh shocks of earthquake occurred on Wednesday in the provinces of Malaga and Granada, one at seven and the other at ten o'clock. Morc buildings were destroyed, and it is feared that there was additional loss of life. It is feared that altogether as many as a thousand have perished, and among them in many places some of the clergy and the civic authorities. At Albunuelas the mayor and the parish priest were both killed, and the wife of the mayor remained for eighteen hours buried up to her waist. At Alhama 192 more bodies were recovered from the ruins on Wednesday, and the number of houses destroyed there was over a thousand. King Alfonso has sent £800 to the provinces of Granada and Malaga for the relief of the sufferers, and the Madrid Mercantile Association has opened a subscription for a national fund, to which the King has subscribed £400.
Sir Horace Rumbold, who goes to Athens in place of Mr. Clare Ford, ap-pointed to Madrid, is to be succeeded at Stockholm by Mr. Corbett, our Minister at Rio Janeiro, and the Hon. E. Monson, C.B., now British Minister at Buenos Ayres, will succeed the Hon. Crespigny Vivian, C.B., as Minister at Copenhagen.
The newspapers are requested to state that PROPORTIONAL REPRESENTATION.
THE BOUNDARY COMMISSION.
THE the Board of Trade has intimated to the pro- CHANNEL TUNNEL. moters of the Channel Tunnel, that if the Bill, which has been recently deposited by them in the Private Bill Office, is persevered with, it will be the duty of the Government to oppose it in Parliament. If these gentlemen were not railway directors, this ought to give them their " quietus," but as they are, we scarcely know.
" /t is the work of capital importance, without which there would be for the Holy See neither liberty, nor dignity, nor any assured means of exercising its Divine ministry."—(Extract from Pope Leo XIII.'s letter to the Bishop of Orleans).
The following amounts have been received at the Tablet Office :— Amount already acknowledged 1,,1,9or 14 5 P.O. Orders and Cheques for the Peter Pence should be made payable to James Donovan, 27, Wellington-street Strand, W.C.